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EXCELLENCY OF ROMANIA
Romania is a country in Southeastern Europe. It shares border with
Hungary and Serbia to the west, Ukraine and the Republic of Moldova
to the northeast, and Bulgaria to the south. Romania has a stretch of
sea coast along the Black Sea. It is located roughly in the lower basin
of Danube and almost all of the Danube Delta is located within its
territory. Romania has been a member of the European Union since
January 1, 2007, and has the ninth largest territory in the EU and with
22 million people it has the 7th largest population among the EU
member states. Its capital and largest city is Bucharest, the sixth
largest city in the EU with almost 2 million people. In 2007, Sibiu, a
large city in Transylvania, was chosen as European Capital of Culture.
Romania joined NATO on March
29, 2004, and is also a member of the Latin Union, of the
Francophonie and of OSCE.With a surface area of 238,393 km²,
Romania is the largest country in southeastern Europe and the twelfth-
largest in Europe. A large part of Romania's border with Serbia and
Bulgaria is formed by the Danube. The Danube is joined by the Prut
River, which forms the border with the Republic of Moldova. The
Danube flows into the Black Sea on Romanian territory, forming the
Danube Delta, the largest delta in Europe, which is currently a
biosphere reserve and World Heritage-listed site due to its
biodiversity. The country's most significant rivers are the Danube, the
Siret, running north-south through Moldavia, the Olt, running from the
oriental Carpathian Mountains to Oltenia, the Tisa, marking a part of
the border between Romania and Ukraine, the Mureş, running through
Transylvania from East to West, and the Someş.
Capital
(and largest city)
Bucharest
(Bucureşti)
44°25′N, 26°06′E
Official languages
Romanian1
Demonym
Romanian
Government


President
Prime Minister
Unitary semi-
presidential republic
Traian Băsescu
Călin Popescu-
Tăriceanu
Independence
Declared


Recognized

9 May 1877 (O.S.)2

13 July 18783
EU accession
January 1, 2007
Area
Total


Water (%)

238,392 km² (82nd)
92,043 sq mi
3
Population
-  July  
2007 estimate

2002 census

Density

22,276,056 (50th)


21,680,974

93/km² (104th)
236/sq mi
GDP (PPP)
Total


Per capita
2007 estimate
$256.9 billion (43rd)

$11,989[1] (64th)
GDP (nominal)
Total

Per capita
2007 estimate
$210,6 billions (41th)
$7,311 (65th)
HDI (2004)
0.813 (high) (60th)
Gini? (2002)
31 (medium)
Currency
Leu (RON)
Time zone
Summer (DST)
EET (UTC+2)
EEST (UTC+3)
Internet TLD
.ro, .eu4
Calling code
+40
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