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ROMANIAN EDUCATION SYSTEM
In 2004 the Romanian adult literacy rate was 97,3% (45th
worldwide), while the combined gross enrolment ratio for primary,
secondary and tertiary schools was 75% (52nd worldwide). The
results of the PISA assessment study in schools for the year 2000
placed Romania on the 34th rank out of 42 participant countries
with a general weighted score of 432 representing 85% of the mean
OECD score. According to the Academic Ranking of World
Universities, up to 2006 no Romanian university was included in the
first 500 top universities world wide. Using a methodology similar to
that of the Academic Ranking of World Universities, Romanian
scientists have found that the best placed Romanian university.

Science and technology

On May 14, 1981 Romania became the 11th country in the world to
have an astronaut in space. That astronaut, Dumitru Prunariu is
today's president of Romanian Space Agency. On March 18, 1906
Traian Vuia became the first person to have flown a self-propelling,
heavier-than-air aircraft - he is also only the second person to have
taken off with a powered airplane. His flight was performed in
Montesson near Paris and was about 12 meters long. Henri
Coandă was another Romanian inventor and pioneer of aviation.
He built the world's first jet powered aircraft, the Coanda-1910, and
brought it at the Second International Aeronautical Exhibition in
Paris around October 1910.George Emil Palade is a Romanian cell
biologist who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in
1974 for his study of internal organization of such cell structures as
mitochondria, chloroplasts, the Golgi apparatus, and for the
discovery of the ribosomes. He also won the National Medal
of Science in 1986.At the beginning of the 2000s, there was a
boom in Romania in the number of computer programmers.
Romania is reported to be among the countries with the highest
number of computer programmers in the world. Some examples of
successful software include RAV (Romanian AntiVirus) which was
bought in 2003 by Microsoft for use in their development of
Windows Defender; or BitDefender which is considered the number
one antivirus software and internet security software at
TopTenReviews.
Capital
(and largest city)
Bucharest
(Bucureşti)
44°25′N, 26°06′E
Official languages
Romanian1
Demonym
Romanian
Government


President
Prime Minister
Unitary semi-
presidential republic
Traian Băsescu
Călin Popescu-
Tăriceanu
Independence
Declared


Recognized

9 May 1877 (O.S.)2

13 July 18783
EU accession
January 1, 2007
Area
Total


Water (%)

238,392 km² (82nd)
92,043 sq mi
3
Population
-  July  
2007 estimate

2002 census

Density

22,276,056 (50th)


21,680,974

93/km² (104th)
236/sq mi
GDP (PPP)
Total


Per capita
2007 estimate
$256.9 billion (43rd)

$11,989[1] (64th)
GDP (nominal)
Total

Per capita
2007 estimate
$210,6 billions (41th)
$7,311 (65th)
HDI (2004)
0.813 (high) (60th)
Gini? (2002)
31 (medium)
Currency
Leu (RON)
Time zone
Summer (DST)
EET (UTC+2)
EEST (UTC+3)
Internet TLD
.ro, .eu4
Calling code
+40
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